Your heat pump’s efficiency affects your energy bills during the Cincinnati area’s snowy winters, as well as the hot, humid summers. Skip regular heat pump maintenance and you could see your system’s efficiency drop as much as 25 percent.

Care for the Air Filter

As the heat pump’s air filter traps debris, the filter becomes increasingly dirty. The dirtier the filter, the less air that gets through, forcing the blower motor to work harder and use more energy to draw in the amount of air the system requires.

This restricted airflow also places a potentially damaging strain on heat pump components. To prevent this, check the air filter monthly and change it as soon as dirt begins accumulating.

Maintain the Coils

Dirt, leaves, grass clippings and other debris stuck to your outdoor unit interfere with airflow, reducing the system’s efficiency. Periodically remove debris with a soft brush. At least once a year, wash down the fins using a gentle stream of water from a garden hose.

Ensure Professional Maintenance

Basic DIY heat pump maintenance helps, but to reach top efficiency, your system needs annual professional care. An experienced HVAC technician can clean and tune up components you can’t access, as well as spot developing problems. During an annual evaluation, your technician can:

  • Lubricate the motor and compressor
  • Check for duct blockages and leaks
  • Test the refrigerant charge
  • Inspect electrical connections for looseness or damage
  • Check the thermostat and controls

All of these areas affect your heat pump’s efficiency. For example, a lack of lubrication causes friction that decreases efficiency and leads to excessive wear. Loose electrical connections are not just fire hazards; they also cause resistance that increases the system’s electricity use. Low refrigerant impairs the system’s ability to move heat and suggests the presence of a dangerous leak.

For more about annual heat pump maintenance for your Cincinnati home, contact Apollo Home Heating, Cooling and Plumbing to schedule an appointment.

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